BYZANTINE COINS
    The eastern part of the Roman empire continued for almost 1000 years after the eclipse of the empire in the west.  We call them Byzantine after the old Greek name of Constantinople, currently Turkish Istanbul, but they thought they were Romans.  The descendants of the last imperial family are still around today, and consider their claim to the imperium to be still in effect.

BYZANTINE, Justin I & Justinian, 527 AD, bronze pentanummion, SB-133, busts of emperors facing / Tyche seated L, mirror image "E," Antioch, VG/F $65.00
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BYZANTINE, Justinian I, 527-65 AD, bronze follis, SB-207, bust facing / M, KYZ, year XXIIII, A, couple of minor pits, otherwise nice aXF $63.00 sold
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    Codified Roman law, built the Hagia Sophia, reconquered most of the old Roman empire.  Married Theodora, a notorious sex worker who became a notorious religious fanatic.  The "M" is Greek for 40 (nummiae), the value of the coin.
 
 
 
 
 
 

BYZANTINE, Justinian I, 527-65 AD, bronze pentanummium, SB-172, bust R / E & cross, Constantinople, VF $43.00 sold 4/3/2008
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BYZANTINE, Justinian I, 527-65 AD, bronze decanummium, SB-271, Victory seated L, *X* (Carthage), crude VG $21.00
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BYZANTINE, Justin II, 565-78, bronze follis, SB-360, year 6, CON/E, Constantinople mint, aXF $55.00
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BYZANTINE, Justin II, 565-78 AD, bronze follis, SB-369, NIKO-A, year 10, F $33.00
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BYZANTINE, Justin II, 565-578, bronze follis, SB-379, ANNO UIII, THEUP/G, Antioch year 8, VF $35.00
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BYZANTINE, Justin II, 565-578, bronze pentanummium, SB-363, (Constantinople) officina D, aF $13.00
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BYZANTINE, Justin II, 565-578, bronze pentanummium, SB-375, monogram / E, Kyzikus, F $28.00
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BYZANTINE, Maurice, 582-602, bronze follis, SB-512, NIKO, off. A, year 13, overstruck on something, VF/XF $55.00
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BYZANTINE, Maurice, 582-602, bronze follis, SB-533, M, cross above, THEUP, year XI, officina G, VG-F $18.00 sold 1/15/2008
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BYZANTINE, Maurice, 582-602, bronze follis, SB-512, ANNO XIII NIKO/A, Nicomedia mint, year 13, VF/XF $55.00
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BYZANTINE, Phocas, 602-610 AD, bronze follis, SB-671, ThEUP/III, year 3, weak date, F $21.50
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BYZANTINE, Heraclius, 610-41 AD, bronze 12 nummi SB-853, 2 busts facing / cross potent between I B, ALEX, aVF $35.00
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BYZANTINE, Heraclius, 610-41 AD, bronze 6 nummi SB-862, cross potent / S, Alexandria, VG/F $21.00 sold 1/12/2008
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BYZANTINE, Constans II, 641-668 AD, bronze follis, SB-1110, Constans & Constantine IV standing facing / M between Heraclius & Tiberius stg, Syracuse, VF $29.00 sold
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BYZANTINE, Constans II, 641-668 AD, bronze follis, SB-1104, beardless bust facing / M, TKO monogram above, Syracuse, overstruck with traces of undercoin, VF $39.00
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BYZANTINE, Constans II, 641-668 AD, follis, SB-1107, emperor standing facing / M, Syracuse, clear overstrike, VF/VG $37.00
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BYZANTINE, Constans II, 641-668 AD, bronze follis, SB-1109, 2 emperors standing / M, Syracuse, F $40.00
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BYZANTINE, Constantine V, 741-75, bronze follis, SB-1568, Constantine standing facing / Leo IV standing facing, Syracuse, aXF $45.00 sold
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BYZANTINE, Constantine V, 741-75, bronze follis, SB-1569, bust facing / 2 busts facing, Syracuse, aXF $45.00 sold 1/15/2008
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BYZANTINE, Leo V, 813-820 AD, bronze follis, SB-1635, busts of Leo & Constantine facing / LK, Syracuse, VF $40.00
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BYZANTINE, Leo V, 813-820 AD, bronze follis, SB-1635, busts of Leo & Constantine facing / LK, Syracuse, part weak, aXF $36.00
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BYZANTINE, Michael II, 820-829, bronze follis, SB-1652, busts of Michael & Theophilus facing / M, Q below, Syracuse, XF $63.00 sold 10/11/2012
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As I write this in 2006 this Sicilian hoard has been out for about a year or so.  There are several hundred pieces, not several thousand.  Technically these coins are still scarce.
 
 
 

BYZANTINE, attributed to Michael IV, 1034-41, bronze anonymous follis, SB-1825, bust of Christ facing / IC-XC-NI-KA around cross, overstruck, VF $33.00 sold 5/5/2009
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BYZANTINE, Constantine X, 1059-67, follis, SB-1853, Christ standing facing / Constantine & Eudoxia standing, bit of crust, F $24.50
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BYZANTINE, Michael VII, 1071-78, bronze follis, SB-1878, bust of Christ facing / bust emperor facing, o/s on SB-1866 of Romanus IV, aVF $30.00 sold
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BYZANTINE, Alexius I, 1081-1118, bronze tetarteron, SB-1932, long bust facing / patriarchal cross, VG $16.00
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BYZANTINE, John II, 1118-43, base gold hyperpyron, SB-1942, Christ enthroned facing / Emp. & St. George standing facing holding patriarchal cross, VF-XF $375.00 sold 11/13/2008
People frequently call the alloy "electrum" but I think that's an error, electrum being a naturally occurring alloy while the mix of this coin was carefully calibrated.  The clear design on both sides is unusual for the cup-shaped (scyphate) series.
 
 
 
 
 
 

BYZANTINE, John II, 1118-1143, billon aspron trachy, bust Christ facing / bust emperor facing, SB-1944, crude and badly struck "F"/ nice XF $35.00
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BYZANTINE, Manuel I, 1143-80, billon aspron trachy, SB-1964,  Virgin seated facing / Emperor standing facing, aVF $25.00
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BYZANTINE, Manuel I, 1143-80, billon aspron trachy, SB-1966, Christ standing facing / emperor & Virgin standing, VF $36.00 sold
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BYZANTINE, Manuel I, 1143-80, bronze tetarteron, SB-1976, starred cross on steps / 3/4 figure of emperor facing, aF $27.00
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BYZANTINE, Andronicus II, 1282-95, bronze tetarteron, SB-2358, Virgin orans / emperor standing, Constantinople, VF+/VF $63.00 sold
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BYZANTINE, exile in THESSALONIKA, Andronicus II & Michael IX, 1295-1320, gold hyperpyron, SB-2396,  bust of Virgin in city walls / Christ crowning kneeling emperors, Constantinople, slightly base, F/VF $165.00 sold
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